Wellington City Libraries

Te Matapihi Ki Te Ao Nui

Te haerenga a ngā Piringa Pāka ki Aotearoa i te tau 1981 The 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand

"Springbok Tour - graffiti" by Colin Rush, 1981. Sourced via Manawatū Heritage, Palmerston North Libraries and Community Services. CC BY 4.0.

The rivalry between the Springboks and the All Blacks is one of the longest and most enduring between two sporting nations. In the past, generations of rugby players and enthusiasts from both countries viewed a series victory over the other nation as being the pinnacle of achievement in the sport. Alongside the history of fierce competition went a tradition of hospitality towards the visiting side.

In 1956 and 1965 when the South African rugby team toured New Zealand, they were showered with warmth and generosity wherever they went. Yet 25 years later, the 1981 Springbok tour became one of the most divisive events in New Zealand history.

Its impact went far beyond the rugby ground as communities and families divided and tensions spilled out onto the streets and into the living rooms of the nation. What were the events that made this tour so significant? What motivated ordinary Kiwis to take such extraordinary action against one another?

Although things had been far from perfect between my parents, the Springbok tour caused such tension and stress that we could not live together in the same house and function as a family unit. An example of the increase was when we, as a family, watched the evening news. Often one side would raise their voices in abuse and offensive name calling towards public figures. Later the abuse was turned in an indirect way on individual family members. This was done by blaming the chaos and disruption to rugby games in individual family members, their friends and associations. As the tour went on and the turmoil increased, the negative feelings intensified to such as degree that feelings of dislike, anger and incomprehension dominated our home.

From Digital NZ

Central Library closure — collection availability

Unfortunately much of our heritage collection is currently not available through our online catalogue — because of the closure of the Central Library, much of this collection is in storage. We hope to make it available again soon, but in the meantime, we suggest visiting the National Library of New Zealand in Thorndon (Corner Molesworth & Aitken St) to access these book titles and newspaper resources.

Books

Newspaper articles

Unfortunately, contemporary newspaper accounts of the Springbok Tour from 1981 fall into a time period where newspapers are generally not even indexed for searching, let alone available in full text online — see our finding historical Wellington newspaper articles resource.

That being said, information about (and sometimes the full text of) many anniversary accounts (10 years, 20 years later etc.), can be found online (see Online databases below) — and contemporary accounts can be accessed on microfilm if you know approximate dates (we've provided a table of key dates below).

Finding Historical Wellington Newspapers

Key dates

Tip: Remember that many reports will not appear in newspapers until the following day.

Date Event
12th September 1980 New Zealand Rugby Football Union (N.Z.R.F.U.) formally invites the South African rugby team to tour New Zealand.
1st May 1981 First organised mass protests take place throughout the country.
14th May 1981 The Prime Minister Robert Muldoon is presented with an ultimatum by the Commonwealth to cancel the tour or lose hosting rights to Commonwealth Finance Ministers Conference due to take place in Auckland.
10th July 1981 The NZRFU meet for the last time to decide whether the tour should proceed or be cancelled.
19th July 1981 The Springboks arrive in New Zealand landing at Auckland airport.
22nd July 1981 First game played - Springboks vs Poverty Bay in Gisborne.
25th July 1981 Springboks vs Waikato game in Hamilton called off following a pitch invasion by protestors.
27th July 1981 The government says it won't back down in the face of violent protests and promises the police the assistance of the NZ army if required.
29th July 1981 Anti-tour protests outside Parliament reach a new level of violence in an event which becomes known as the "Battle of Molesworth Street"
31st July 1981 The Prime Minister threatens to call a snap election if anti-tour violence continues to escalate.
1st August 1981 Springboks vs. Manawatu in Palmerston North
2nd August 1981 In his speech at the annual National Party Conference, Robert Muldoon claims that the extreme-left wing agitators have taken over the anti-tour protest movement.
11th August 1981 Springboks vs. Otago in Dunedin.
13th August 1981 The grandstand at Rugby Park in Christchurch is destroyed by fire in a suspected arson attack after a Springboks training session at the ground.
15th August 1981 First test played in Christchurch
29th August 1981 Second test played in Wellington
12th September 1981 Third test played in Auckland.
13th September 1981 Springboks depart New Zealand

Magazines — online databases

Our online databases can also be used to access a large number of articles about the tour which have previously been published in magazines. Though the databases do not go back as far as 1981, they do contain many retrospective articles written since then.

To access contemporary accounts of the Springbok Tour in magazines, we recommend visiting the National Library on Molesworth Street (see collection note above).

To find magazine titles of interest, have a read of the article below:

Story — Magazines and periodicals in New Zealand

Heritage Links (Local History)